International Day For Biological Diversity 2020 Theme - Swikriti's Blog

International Day For Biological Diversity 2020 Theme

The International Day for Biological Diversity or world Biodiversity Day proclaimed by the United Nations to promote the awareness of biodiversity issues. It is observed annually on May 22. The International Day for Biological Diversity was first established by the Second Committee of the United Nations General Assembly at the end of 1993 on 29 December, the date the Biological Diversity Convention enters into force.

In December 2000, the United Nations General Assembly adopted 22nd May as the International Day of Biodiversity to celebrate the adoption of the text of the Convention by the Nairobi Final Act of the Conference for the Adoption of the Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity on 22 May 1992.

What is biological diversity?

The biological diversity is often known as a wide range of plants, livestock, and microorganisms, but it also includes genetic differences within each species — for example between crop and livestock varieties — and the different ecosystems (lakes, forests, deserts, agricultural landscapes).

Resources for biological diversity are the pillars on which we build civilizations. Fish supply nearly 3 billion people with 20% of animal protein. Plants provide more than 80% of the human diet. In developing countries, up to 80 percent of people live in rural areas rely on traditional plant-based basic health care medicines.

Theme

Theme of International Biological Diversity Day 2020- Our Solutions are in Nature

Every year the United Nations decides the theme for International Day for Biological diversity which focuses on the issues of biodiversity. This year’s theme – Our Solutions are in Nature highlights the hope, unity, and the importance of working together in harmony with nature at all the levels to create a future of life.

During the Biodiversity week, the theme will cover three essential topics: the importance of knowledge and science will be covered 18th May. On 19- 20th May the importance of biodiversity will be raised, and finally on the 22nd of May the observance will issue a call of action.

Image Source: UN

The theme shows that Biodiversity remains an answer to the number of challenges we all face in terms of sustainable development. Biodiversity remains the basis for a sustainable future, from nature-based solutions to climate, to food and water security and sustainable livelihoods.

The year 2020 represents thought opportunities and solutions. Each of us is expected to “build more” by using this time to increase the resilience of countries and communities as we recover from the pandemic. It is the year when the world will sign more than ever a clear will for a global agreement that will bend the cure to the advantage of humanity and life on Earth, on biodiversity loss.

2020 will witness the final phase of the 2011-2020 Strategic Plan on Biodiversity and its 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets, as well as the UN Decade on Biodiversity, leading to the transitional phase for the beginning of other key decades related to biodiversity for the period 2021-2030: the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development and the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration; and the U Decade on Sustainable Development.

Facts about Biological Diversity Day

  • Recent negative trends on biodiversity and ecosystems will weaken enhancements in the 8 Sustainable Development Goals towards 80% of the targets assessed.
  • There is now a threat of extinction for 1 million animals and plant species.
  • Biodiversity remains the basis of a sustainable future for health and healthy livelihoods.
  • Human activities have substantially altered three-quarters of the land-based ecosystem and about 66% of the aquatic environment.

Swikriti Dandotia

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