Every 11 December is marked as International Mountain Day, celebrated around the world. The day is an ode to the world’s fascinating landscapes. Each mountain is unique in its own way, from the snow-covered Himalayas to the lush green mountains, and is home to different animals and plants.
The International Mountain Day was held in 1992, at a time when the UN Conference on the Environment and Development adopted Chapter 13 of Agenda 21 “Managing Fragile Ecosystems: Sustainable Mountain Development.” The increased attention towards the importance of mountains led the United Nations General Assembly to declare 2002 as the United Nations International Year of Mountains.
From 2003 onwards, 11 December was declared as the ‘International Mountain Day’ by the UN General Assembly. FAO is a coordinating agency to prepare for and organize this celebration and is mandated to manage it on a global level. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the FAO Forestry Department’s Team for Water and Mountains is responsible for organizing this international process.
Theme of International Day of Mountains 2021
This year the theme of International Mountain Day 2021 is Sustainable mountain tourism.
Sustainable mountain tourism can help to create additional and additional livelihood possibilities while also fostering poverty reduction, social integration, and landscape and biodiversity conservation. Local crafts and high-quality products are promoted while traditional practices, such as festivals, are celebrated. The natural, cultural, and spiritual history of a community is preserved as a result of this approach.
About 15 to 20 percent of all tourists go to the mountains. In contrast, the Covid-19 pandemic, which has impacted economies, livelihoods, public services and opportunities on many continents, has a direct impact on tourism. Pandemic restrictions in mountains have added to the vulnerability of mountain populations.
As a result of this crisis, mountain tourism and its influence on natural resources and livelihoods may be re-evaluated, better managed, and channeled toward a more resilient, green, and inclusive future.
Despite the recommended theme of sustainable mountain tourism for 2021, countries, communities, and organizations are free to choose a theme that is more relevant to them.
Unfortunately, climate change and overexploitation risk mountains. With the global atmosphere continues to warm the mountains, in which some of the weakest in the world, are faced with much greater survival challenges. Mountain glaciers are now shrinking at an unparalleled rate, disrupting the supply of freshwater to millions of people downstream due to increasing temperatures.
Organize a community event or join the debate on social media with the hashtag #MountainsMatter to mark this International Day 2021. Share some of the most important information, or a picture of your favorite peak, with your friends and family.