International Literacy Day is an annual celebration by UNESCO which is celebrated every 8th of September. Literacy Day is celebrated to show light on global literacy needs with mission literacy for everyone and everywhere. It is an opportunity for Governments, and Civil Society to highlight the issues of literacy and remaining literacy Challenges.
“Still 750 million adults around the world can’t read or write. The majority of them are women”
Theme of International Literacy Day 2020
This year the theme of International Literacy Day 2020 will focus on Literacy teaching and learning in the COVID-19 crisis and beyond with a focus on the role of educators and changing pedagogies.
The theme focuses primarily on young and adult early skills through a life-long learning context. The latest Covid-19 crisis was a sharp example of the growing divide between politics and reality: a disparity still presents in the pre-Covid-19 period that has adverse consequences on the learning of young people and adults who have little to no awareness and are thus faced with numerous disadvantages.
This year International Literacy Day 2020 will provide an opportunity to discuss how innovative and efficient products can be used for the youth and adult literacy programs to face his pandemic and beyond difficulties. The day also provides the opportunity to examine the position of educators and to evaluate effective strategies, processes, governance, and initiatives to promote educators and education. UNESCO will initiate a worldwide public dialogue on literacy education and learning for youth and adults in the post-Covid-19 period to meet the SDG4 through virtual meetings.
Every year UNESCO decides the theme for International Literacy Day to raise awareness about literacy issues. Last year the theme for International Literacy Day 2019 was “Literacy and Multilingualism”.
Literacy Day is one of the first days declared by the UN (United Nations) since 1965. The main concept behind celebrating International Literacy Day is UNESCO which reminds the community each and every day about the status of Literacy and global learning.
UNESCO eAtlas of Literacy
UNESCO has published eATLAS of Literacy which lets you explore the data in the form of maps, charts for different countries. Check your country’s Literacy Indicators Here.
On 26th October 1966, During the 14th session of UNESCO’s General Conference, it is proclaimed that the 8th of September is International Literacy Day and from 1967 International Literacy Day celebrated annually around the world to remind the importance of literacy as dignity and human rights.
International Literacy Prizes 2020
On the Occasion of International Literacy Day UNESCO awards International Literacy Prizes for the most innovative and inspiring literacy programs. The award will be given to those who will promote literacy within the theme of Literacy teaching and learning in the COVID-19 crisis and beyond is an important asset for both literacy and educational development. The nomination process for the 2020 awards is closed now and the winners are announced on 8th of September by the General Director of UNESCO in Paris.
There are two UNESCO International Literacy Prizes:
- The UNESCO King Sejong Literacy Prize – In this Prize there are 2 awards.
- The UNESCO Confucius Prize for Literacy – 3 awards.
There is a total of five awards where each prize winner will receive a medal and USD $20.000.
Through the two prestigious prizes, UNESCO helps to support effective literacy practices and also encourages dynamic societies for closing the literacy gap which about approx.750 million people.
This year there are five literacy prize winner from countries -Ghana,Mexico,Nepal,United Kingdom,Yemen who are advancing literacy around the world.
According to statistics, it shows that approx. 775 million adults are lack in minimum literacy skills in which one in five adults are still not literate and out of the two-third are women. About 60.7 million children are out of school and many more are irregular and dropped out.
International Literacy Day is celebrated at the National and local level in schools, community centers, NGOs, and many more with an aim to impact one person at a time. Organizations organize educational events to uplift children and focus on their educational prospects.
Literacy rate in India
According to the UNESCO literacy list of 2105, the overall literacy rate in India is 72.1 percent. The percentage of Literacy rates includes both rural and urban India. The youth literacy rate among the age group of 15 to 24 years is 86.1 percent.
What was the main theme of International Literacy Day 2006?
In 2006, UNESCO decides the theme Literacy Sustains Development which was the main theme of that year. According to this theme, Literacy is one of the most powerful development tools which is widely acknowledged.