World Diabetes Day is a global awareness campaign created in 1991 by the International Diabetes Federation and the World Health Organization with a concern about growing health issues posed by diabetes. It is celebrated every year on 14th November on the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting who co-discovered insulin along with Charles Best and John James Rickard Macleod in 1922. In 2006 Day with the resolution 61/225 World Diabetes Day became an official United Nations Day.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic disease that is caused when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to the body or the body cannot effectively use the produced insulin and due to this, it leads to concentration of glucose in the blood which is also known as hypoglycemia. There are two types of diabetes-
Type1 diabetes:– this type of diabetes caused due to a lack of insulin production. It is previously known as insulin-dependent or childhood-onset diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes:- it is caused by the ineffective use of insulin which results in excess body weight and less physical activity, previously known as non-insulin dependent or adult-onset diabetes.
Till 2016, World Diabetes Day was commemorated by 230 IDF (International Diabetes Federation) member associations with more than 160 countries and territories and with other organizations, companies, healthcare professionals, and many more people living with diabetes and their families.
World Diabetes Day 2020 Theme
This year the theme of World Diabetes Day 2020 is- Nurses make the difference in Diabetes.
The campaign aims to increase awareness about the important role played by nurses to help people with diabetes. Currently about half of the public health population is served by nurses. They do an outstanding job of supporting people with a number of health issues. Individuals who are at risk of or live with diabetes do need their help.
The role of nurses and other health care professionals in managing the effects of the disease is becoming more critical as the number of people with diabetes continues to rise around the world. The value of investing in research and training must be understood by care professionals and policymakers. Nurses with the right experience will make a difference for diabetes-affected individuals.
Every year World Diabetes Day is celebrated with a theme that draws attention to the impact of diabetes and different factors that influence the risk of diabetes and also its complication.
The aim of this theme is to raise awareness about the impact that diabetes has on the family, also to promote the role of the family in the part of managed care, prevention and to educate about diabetes. Families should learn about a warning sign of diabetes and needs to find out the risk of Type 2 diabetes.
Untreated and unmanaged diabetes can lead to serious life-changing complications which include blindness, amputation, heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure. According to the records in 2017, there were four million deaths due to diabetes.
Campaign of World Diabetes Day 2020
This year the campaign of World Diabetes Day 2020 is Nurses and Diabetes which raise awareness about the crucial role nurses played in treating the people with diabetes.
The World Health Organization states-
Nurses make up 59 per cent of health care staff
The global health workforce is 27.9 million, 19.3 million of which are skilled nurses
In 2018 the global nurses shortfall was 5.9 million. 89% of the deficit is concentrated in low- and middle-income countries
To resolve troubling skill shortcomings by 2030, the number of trained and working nurses needs to rise by 8 percent a year.
Logo of World Diabetes Day
The World Diabetes day is represented by a blue circle logo which was adopted in 2007 after the passage of the UN Resolution on diabetes. This blue circle logo is globally used for diabetes awareness which signifies the global diabetes community in response to the diabetes epidemic.
Facts about Diabetes
*According to the reports approx. 422 million people around the world have diabetes.
*Diabetes is one of the leading serious diseases in the world which causes death.
*There is a third type of diabetes Gestational diabetes which is characterized by hypoglycemia or raised blood sugar with above normal values.
*The more common type of diabetes is type 2 instead of type 1.
*If diabetes is diagnosed and well-managed people can live a long and healthy life.
*The death majorities of diabetes occur in low and middle-income countries.
*Diabetes can cause kidney failure, heart attack, blindness, and amputation.
On this November, World Diabetes Day get aware of diabetes with a follow-up checkup.