The United Nations Day is marked to know the aim and achievements of the United Nations Organisations and the anniversary of the entry into force of the UN Charter in 1945. It is observed every year on 24th October and the celebration started from 20th October to 26th October.
75th anniversary of United Nations
In 2020, the United Nations and its founding Charter will be celebrating the 75th anniversary. This anniversary marks an ongoing global health crisis in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic with serious economic and social implications for the world. But it’s also a reminder that times of hardship can be a chance for positive change and transformation.
Member States organized a high-level event on 21 September 2020 to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the United Nations, where they reaffirmed and agreed that our problems are interconnected and can only be resolved by reinvigorated multilateralism.
The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution during 1971 “the United Nations Resolution 2782” which declares that the United Nations Day will be an international holiday or International observance day and also public holiday for the United Nation member state.
Theme of United Nations Day 2020
This year the theme of United Nations Day 2020 is- The future we want the United Nations we need
The COVID-19 pandemic has reminded us in the best possible way that we are strongly interlinked and can create resilience against potential pandemics and other global threats only through working together and in unity.
The Secretary General launched a global discussion in January 2020 that asked people about their future hopes and concerns and goals for international cooperation through interviews and dialogues.
World leaders took note of the outcome of this Global Dialog, leading to the adoption by high-level events of the 750th anniversary of a forward-looking political declaration. Through an intergovernmental process, the declaration was negotiated under the theme: “The future we want, the United Nations we need: reaffirming our collective commitment to multilateralism.”
History of United Nations Day
“United Nations” the name came by the United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt which was used on 1st January 1942 during the Second World War in the declaration by the United Nations. In 1945, the representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organizations to draw United Nations Charter.
On 26 June 1945, the Charter was signed by the representatives of 50 countries. Later, Poland signed the Charter which was not represented at the conference and after that Poland was one of the original 51 Member States.
On 24October the United Nations officially came into existence when the Charter had been ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and by the Majorities of other signatories from then 24 October is celebrated is United Nations Day each year.
What UN Do?
The United Nations Day acknowledges and commemorates for which the U.N stands in the world. It helps people to remember the purpose of the United Nations which are-
- Maintain peace and Security
- Protect Human Rights
- Promote Sustainable Development
- Deliver Humanitarian Aid
Significance of the UN Logo and Flag
The UN logo was created during the United Nations Conference on International Organization with a team of designers and the team was led by Oliver Lincoln Lundquist. The logo was approved on 7th December 1946. It has been incorporated with the logos of several UN family members and it also used on United Nations stamps.
—->The UN EMBLEM
The design of UN Emblem is a map of the world which represents the azimuthal equidistant projection centered on North pole, the projection is marked with wreath consisting of crossed conventional branches of olive trees, the field of smoke-blue where water areas in white. The projection of the map extends to 60-degree south latitude which also includes five concentric circles.
—–>The United Nations Flag
The UN Flag is the official Emblem of the United Nations centered with white on a light blue background.
The United Nations work with different specialized agencies which includes the World Health Organizations (WHO), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), International Labour Organization (ILO), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), and United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC).
UN Day Celebration
Each year various events are organized to mark UN Day with different activities like ceremonies, seminars, film screening, art competitions, media campaigns, social media campaigns, student briefings, panel discussions and many more.