Social justice can not be achieved without peace and security, or without respect for all human rights and fundamental freedoms.
According to a survey by the International Labor Organization (ILO), almost 90 percent of the world’s 67 million domestic workers have no social security benefits today.Most of their job becomes undervalued and unpaid when domestic workers are aged or injured, without a pension or sufficient income support it becomes very difficult for them to survive.
To address these challenges and reduce the inequalities gap United Nation and its associated members are working on to promote social justice among the workers,migrants ,Indigenous people irrespective of their gender,race, religion or disability.
On 26 November 2007, the General Assembly declared that from the sixty-third session of the General Assembly, 20 February will be celebrated annually as the World Day of Social Justice inorder to improve the living standards of people around the world and same time address serious challenges like financial crises, insecurity, poverty, exclusion and inequality within and among societies.
World Day of Social Justice 2022 Theme
This year the theme of World Day of Social Justice 2022 is “Achieving Social Justice through Formal Employment”.”
The Kyrgyz Republic has been hosting the annual remembrance event since its inaugural proclamation in 2007 by the United Nations General Assembly. International efforts to achieve sustainable development and fulfil many of the aspirations set out in the Secretary-report General’s on “Our Common Agenda,” such as eradicating poverty, promoting full employment and decent work and universal social protection, gender equality and justice for all are supported by the commemoration.
Workers of the world facing multiple challenges
According to the survey done by ILO and Eurofound,an EU agency in 41 countries across five years , Exposure to physical risks was a major global concern, with more than half of the 1.2 billion employees surveyed exposed to excessive hand and arm movements, as well as other hazards.
During working hours, around 20 per cent are exposed to high temperatures, while another physical risk is exposure to biological or chemical hazards. In Asian countries half of workers work more than 48 hrs per week compared to one-sixth in European countries and Workers are also facing more intense pressure associated with the deadline of work.
The quality of jobs can be enhanced by reducing unnecessary demands on staff and reducing their exposure to risks and also by improving their access to work facilities that help achieve work objectives.