World population day is one of the most important awareness day celebrated annually on every 11th of July. The aim of celebrating the world population day is to spread awareness about the issues of the global population and the importance of reproductive health.
This awareness day was established by the governing council of the United Nations Development Program in 1989. This event was inspired by the public interest when the world’s population reaches by 5 billion and hence became a serious concern about the exploding population. Therefore,this day has to be initiated to overcome the issues of our growing population and to raise this awareness in public.
Theme of World Population Day 2020
According to UNFPA, this year world population day 2020 theme will focus on- Putting the breaks on COVID-19: how to safeguard the health and rights of women and girls now
This year the UNFPA’s goal on World Population Day 2020 is to raise awareness of women’s and girls’ needs for sexual and reproductive health and vulnerabilities during the pandemic. Also, to highlight how we can safeguard stronger progress and hold SRHR on the local agenda and how the momentum for achievement of the SDGs we mobilized in Nairobi by 2030 is to be sustained.
Peace in our world begins with peace in the home ?— UNFPA (@UNFPA) July 10, 2020
This #WorldPopulationDay, see why @UNFPA is calling attention to the vulnerabilities of women and girls affected by #COVID19: https://t.co/3ADonsf6lI#WPD2020 pic.twitter.com/t4S4DrOUBx
The COVID-19 crisis has impacted individuals, cultures and economies all over the world. However, not all are equally affected. For example , women who make up the largest share of health care staff in the front line are disproportionately exposed to coronavirus. Supply chains across the globe are being disrupted, affecting contraceptive supply and also causing the increasing risk of unintended pregnancy. Sexual and reproductive health services are being sidelined as countries are on lock-down and health systems are struggling to cope, and gender-based violence is on the rise.
In addition, the women who work’s in insecure labor markets are disproportionately, hit harder by COVID-19’s economic effects. In the informal economy, nearly 60 percent of women worldwide are at increased risk of poverty. As a result of school closures and increased needs of the elderly, the work of women in unpaid care has increased.
This year’s theme will focus on different angle
The UNFPA’s response to COVID-19:
The global plan for response of COVID-19 will describes that how the organization reacts to the worldwide pandemic.
The impact of COVID-19 on the “Three Zeros.”
Whether your country faces challenges from sexual and gender-based violence, marriage between children and female genital mutilation, or making contraceptive services more readily available and accessible, a recent COVID- 19 analysis has shown that problems such as unintended pregnancies, including among teenagers, can be exacerbated.
Adolescents and youth.
Education and community programs have been disrupted by this pandemic.
Challenges for women and girls in humanitarian settings.
Appeals to help vulnerable communities in humanitarian settings have been issued through the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, UNFPA and other UN agencies, programs, departments and funding.
It describes that how the pandemic creates additional obstacles for pregnant women in need of care or safety.
How COVID-19 affects older people.
The countries with older populations are facing the major impact of COVID-19. The UNFPA supports the participation of elderly people in political issues and the hearing of their voices in the preparation and response to a crisis that affects them most.
The World Population Day is aims to raise awareness of various population problems such as the importance of family planning, gender equality, hunger, maternal health and human rights.
So what are Population issues? Basically, a Population issue includes family planning, gender equality, child marriage, human rights, right to health, baby’s health, etc.
In 1968 world leaders declared that people had a basic human right to decide the number and time of their children freely and responsibly. approximately 40 years later the modern contraception remains out of control for millions of women, men, and young people. In 1989, World Population Day was established as an outgrowth of Five Million Day, marked on July 11, 1987.
The United Nations has approved the event, as a way of increasing awareness of population problems and their impact on growth and the environment. And since then, with support from the United Nations Population Fund ( UNFPA), states, non-governmental organizations, organizations, and individuals have coordinated numerous educational programs to commemorate the annual event.
There are 9 standards which are set to support family planning:
- Non-discrimination: Family planning should not be cramped on the basis of race, sex, language, religion, national origin, age, economic status, place of residence, disability status, marital status, sexual orientation or gender identity.
- Available and Accessible: Every country must ensure that family planning commodities and services are available and accessible to everyone.
- Acceptable: Contraceptive measures and information must be conveyed in a dignified manner, respecting both modern medical ethics and cultures.
- Good quality: Family planning information must be accurate.
- Informed decision-making: Every person must be empowered to make reproductive choices with full autonomy, free of pressure, coercion or misrepresentation.
- Privacy and confidentiality: All individuals must enjoy the right to privacy when seeking family planning information and services.
- Participation: Countries should ensure the active participation of individuals in decisions that affect them, including health issues.
- Accountability: Everyone including leaders and policymakers must be accountable to the people they serve in all efforts to realize the human right to family planning.
How World Population Day is Celebrated?
World Population is celebrated at an international level where different activities and events are organized to draw attention to the major issues of the world’s population. Activities include seminar, discussion, educational sessions, public contests, poster making, slogans, workshops, debates, songs, etc.