World population day is one of the most important awareness day celebrated annually on every 11th of July. The aim of celebrating the world population day is to spread awareness about the issues of the global population and the importance of reproductive health.
This awareness day was established by the governing council of the United Nations Development Program in 1989. This event was inspired by the public interest when the world’s population reaches by 5 billion and hence became a serious concern about the exploding population. Therefore,this day has to be initiated to overcome the issues of our growing population and to raise this awareness in public.
Theme of World Population Day 2021
According to UNFPA, this year world population day 2021 theme will focus on- Rights and choices are the answer: Whether baby boom or bust, the solution to shifting fertility rates lies in prioritizing the reproductive health and rights of all people
In the second year of COVID-19, we are in a constant state of change, where certain areas of the world are emerging from the pandemic’s depths, while others are fighting the coronavirus while vaccine availability remains a distant, dangerous reality.
The COVID-19 crisis has impacted individuals, cultures and economies all over the world. However, not all are equally affected. For example , women who make up the largest share of health care staff in the front line are disproportionately exposed to coronavirus. Supply chains across the globe are being disrupted, affecting contraceptive supply and also causing the increasing risk of unintended pregnancy. Sexual and reproductive health services are being sidelined as countries are on lock-down and health systems are struggling to cope, and gender-based violence is on the rise.
In addition, the women who work’s in insecure labor markets are disproportionately, hit harder by COVID-19’s economic effects. In the informal economy, nearly 60 percent of women worldwide are at increased risk of poverty. As a result of school closures and increased needs of the elderly, the work of women in unpaid care has increased.
Theme and Angles
Continuity of essential services: According to this World Health Organization survey, family planning is one of the most disrupted health services worldwide.
Pandemic impacts on fetal and maternal outcomes: The medical examination showed increases in maternal fatalities and deaths from the beginning of the pandemic with large disparities across resource-intensive nations.
Enforcement of elderly people’s rights and dignity: This generation has been affected by the epidemic. This resource provides a cooperative initiative to improve health and social services between UNFPA and other United Nations agencies and civil society actors.
Fertility and ageing of populations in the Asia-Pacific Area:
COVID-19’s impact on disabled women and girls: An analysis of how the pandemic harmed their sexual reproductive health and rights, as well as their right to bodily autonomy.
The World Population Day is aims to raise awareness of various population problems such as the importance of family planning, gender equality, hunger, maternal health and human rights.
So what are Population issues? Basically, a Population issue includes family planning, gender equality, child marriage, human rights, right to health, baby’s health, etc.
In 1968 world leaders declared that people had a basic human right to decide the number and time of their children freely and responsibly. approximately 40 years later the modern contraception remains out of control for millions of women, men, and young people. In 1989, World Population Day was established as an outgrowth of Five Million Day, marked on July 11, 1987.
The United Nations has approved the event, as a way of increasing awareness of population problems and their impact on growth and the environment. And since then, with support from the United Nations Population Fund ( UNFPA), states, non-governmental organizations, organizations, and individuals have coordinated numerous educational programs to commemorate the annual event.
There are 9 standards which are set to support family planning:
- Non-discrimination: Family planning should not be cramped on the basis of race, sex, language, religion, national origin, age, economic status, place of residence, disability status, marital status, sexual orientation or gender identity.
- Available and Accessible: Every country must ensure that family planning commodities and services are available and accessible to everyone.
- Acceptable: Contraceptive measures and information must be conveyed in a dignified manner, respecting both modern medical ethics and cultures.
- Good quality: Family planning information must be accurate.
- Informed decision-making: Every person must be empowered to make reproductive choices with full autonomy, free of pressure, coercion or misrepresentation.
- Privacy and confidentiality: All individuals must enjoy the right to privacy when seeking family planning information and services.
- Participation: Countries should ensure the active participation of individuals in decisions that affect them, including health issues.
- Accountability: Everyone including leaders and policymakers must be accountable to the people they serve in all efforts to realize the human right to family planning.
How World Population Day is Celebrated?
World Population is celebrated at an international level where different activities and events are organized to draw attention to the major issues of the world’s population. Activities include seminar, discussion, educational sessions, public contests, poster making, slogans, workshops, debates, songs, etc.