In India every year February 28 is celebrated as National Science Day. This day marks the discovery of the Raman effect phenomenon of the Scattering of light by the Indian physicist Sir C.V Raman on 28 February 1928. For the discovery of the Raman effect, he was awarded the noble prize in 1930.
Due to the contribution of C.V Raman in the field of Physics and in discovery, the Nation Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) has proposed that every 28 February will be celebrated as National Science Day. The request was approved by the Government of India and from 1936, this is celebrated by the whole country.
Why should we care about Science?
Science is not just about innovation and new technologies, it is Curiosity based. Science occurred in the age of stone, when the cavemen learned what would happen when two stones were rubbed against one another. There was no internet that time but the curiosity helped their brain grow in finding new knowledge.
Theme of National Science Day 2022
This year the theme of National Science Day 2022 is “Integrated Approach in S&T for Sustainable Future“.
India’s Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Science and Technology, Dr. Jitendra Singh, announced the National Science Day (NSD) 2022 theme of ‘Integrated Approach in S&T for Sustainable Future’. As stated by the Prime Minister, a four-fold integrated approach in S&T for a Sustainable Future will help us break out of our virtual organization and take a leading position in the global arena.
According to Dr. Singh “We must sustain this spirit and use the National Science Day as an opportunity to make a commitment to do so and work with an integrated strategy going forward in order to sustain livelihoods, human life and for India to emerge as a scientific leader”.
Every year National Science Day is celebrated with a theme that spreads the message about the importance of science. The theme is decided by the Department of Science and Technology
This year’s theme is highlights the future impact of Science, technology and Innovation in the field of education and work. Using new technologies different innovations can be carried out. Science, Technology and Innovation are an essential part for the development the economic and social development of our country.
What is the Raman effect?
It is an inelastic scrambling of a photon by molecules, which means that there is an exchange of energy and a change in light direction this effect is named by Raman Scattering. This phenomenon is also knowns as Raman Spectroscopy which now utilizes the chemist and physicists to know about materials.
What is the purpose of celebrating National Science Day?
This day is celebrated to show light on the importance of science in our daily life also to show the achievements and the efforts made in the field of science for human welfare. National Science day is celebrated to discuss the important issues facing the field of science.
On 28 February 2009, the Indian Department of Science and Technology presented the National Award for Science and Communication to the five institutions in the country. These awards are presented to recognize the efforts of government and non-government bodies and the individuals who helped to make science popular in the country. In 2009 award ceremony Vikram Sarabhai Community Science Center was awarded the highest award for their contribution to the science-related learning material and conducting different training programs on science education.
How many awards won by C.V. Raman?
- 1924 -Fellow of Royal Society
- 1929- Knight Bachelor
- 1930- Nobel Prize in Physics
- 1954- Bharat Ratna
- 1957- Lenin Peace Prize
How National Science Day is celebrated?
The National Science Day is celebrated by organizing different science exhibitions, seminars, workshops, public speeches, science movies, exhibitions on the concept of themes, live projects, quiz competitions, and many more science activities.
Where the major Celebrations of National Science Day take place?
- The Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT)
- The Defence Reseach and Development Organization (DRDO)
- The Indian Department of Science and Technology
- The Council of Science and Technology
- The CSIR- National Environment Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI)
- The Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium.